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Home >> Go to the Regions >> Region II Cagayan Valley >> Provincial Profile >> Cauayan     


Cauayan is strategically located at the heart of the big and naturally rich province of Isabela. The name Cauayan means "bamboo" in the vernacular. These growths are the bamboos or the kawayans as the natives call them and it was a common sight to see crocodiles basking in the early morning sun under the cluster of bamboos and from which those early Spaniards might have derived the name of this town.

Cauayan was an original town of the province of Cagayan. It was transferred to Nueva Vizcaya when it became a province in 1839. Upon the creation of Isabela as a province by a Royal Decree issued on May 1, 1856, it was reverted as a town of the province. Founded in 1740, Cauayan antedates the establishment of Isabela by 116 years. The town site was first located in a place called Calanusian along the Cagayan River, but after a series of disastrous floods, the town site was transferred to its present location.

The vision of becoming a city was realized under Mayor Faustino G. Dy, III who saw through the introduction of House Bill No. 3163 to Congress resulting in the passage of RA No. 9017 and which was signed by Her Excellency, Pres. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo on February 28, 2001.
Cauayan became a component city of the Province of Isabela after it was ratified in a plebiscite by a majority vote on March 30, 2001.

Geographical Location

Cauayan City is a fast-growing rural industrial center centrally located in the province and in the entire stretch of the Cagayan Valley. It is about 375 kilometers northeast of Manila; 34.5 kms. south of Ilagan, the capital town of Isabela; about 48 kms. North of Santiago City; and roughly 117 kms. Away from Tuguegarao City in Cagayan province.

Land Area

Cauayan City has a total land area of 33,640.451 hectares divided among its 65 component barangays.


Total population as of CY 2000 is 103,952, 3rd most populous LGU in the population scoreboard of the 37 LGU?s in the province of Isabela. Major dialects spoken in the locality are Ilocano (74.91%); Tagalog (14.13%); and Gaddang consisting of 6.38%.


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